The exhibition Critical Zones about the critical state of the Earth now coincides with the coronavirus pandemic, evincing core questions of the ecological crisis we are witnessing. This situation requires a new Earthly politics, which also implies new policies for exhibitions.
Hence, the physical Critical Zones exhibition currently taking shape on site at the ZKM will be complemented by a digital exhibition platform and thus be connected to a non-local event field in real and virtual spaces. A three-day Streaming-Festival with a program consisting of tours of the real exhibition and the virtual space, as well as interviews and talks, will open the exhibition starting on May 22, 2020 (virtual exhibition opening at 7 pm).
In this multidimensional, multichannel communication the aim is to turn receivers into active transmitters. The exhibition will become an echo chamber, a resonating space of symbiotic forms of communication—a response to the symbiotic planet. The recognition that life on Earth arises and endures through the symbiosis of all life forms also demands new modes of communication.
Up to now the “globe” has informed our relationship to the Earth. One astronomical body among myriads of others, divided by lines of latitude and longitude, seen from an impossible perspective from outside and at a distance to us, this image describes our relationship to the world we live in: distant, mechanical, and above all controllable.
The Critical Zones exhibition takes its point of departure from a change of perspective: it exhorts us to recognize that we don’t live on the globe, but within the critical zone, embedded in its multifarious dynamic processes. The term “critical zone” comes from geoscience and describes the fragile layer of the Earth, which is only a few kilometres thin and on which life is created. Bruno Latour has extended the term into the philosophical dimension where it becomes a critical, participatory relationship of ourselves to our lifeworld, whose threatened state has reached an unprecedented scale in the Earth’s now human-made history.
“We must face up to what is literally a problem of dimension, scale, and lodging: the planet is much too narrow and limited for the globe of globalization; at the same time, it is too big, infinitely too large, too active, too complex, to remain within narrow and limited borders of locality whatsoever.” (Bruno Latour)
The focus of the exhibition is the question of what policies we should pursue to ensure that the Earth remains habitable for us. Here we shall follow Alexander von Humboldt who saw that in nature “Everything is connected” and the groundbreaking scientific work of James Lovelock, originator of the Gaia hypothesis, and of Lynn Margulis, its codeveloper. Margulis’s research, and her theory of the symbiotic planet in particular, are highly topical reference points to create common ground via new forms of coexistence and politics.
Together with French philosopher Bruno Latour the ZKM has established an observatory—in the mode of a thought exhibition—which on a small scale presents the diversity of life-forms’ relationships on Earth. Exhibition visitors become observers, their behavior modifies the exhibition, and the exhibition’s behavior changes as a result. In this way its behavior can also change the world. In this respect the exhibition serves as a living laboratory to develop, in a transdisciplinary cooperation of innovative scientific and artistic strategies, future potential of knowledge and options for action outside established notions and concepts of “nature” and “ecology.”
The opening of the exhibition in the physical space is subject to the further course of the COVID-19 pandemic and will be communicated at short notice via the ZKM website.