Ethics, Aesthetics, Technological Communication or the Destiny of Meaning.
Co-organized by Mario Costa and Fred Forest under the aegis of the University of Salerno, Italy
Inventory of the current state of observations and critical analyses of the inner workings of the contemporary art system as pertains to aesthetics and ethics, then to outline the only course of action that I believe open to the artist of today, working in society such as we know it.
We have called upon specialists from many different fields to offer their reflections at a wide-ranging colloquium whose specific themes have been deliberately left open in order to give each participant full freedom to offer his or her own unique points of reference. It should be noted, however, that the general theme of the colloquium encompasses a number of issues that have been examined in one way or another by Artmedia since its inception. Indeed, the issues that have been at the core of each of the nine preceding editions of Artmedia can all be placed under the general heading of the relationship between ethics and esthetics. These topics of investigation and critical reflection have yet to be exhausted and remain open-ended. It is our intention to wrap up our work at Artmedia by focusing our attention on a general theme of critical importance to the present and future evolution of art in our society.
” Supposing that there is such a thing as art, then where is the proof of its influence, the tangible proof of any influence whatsoever on its part ? ” asked Nietzsche in 1878 (Human, All Too Human, I, 22). Forty years later, Gabo, one of the artists most imbued with the spirit of modernity, wondered : ” What contribution does art make to the current era of human history ? ” (Manifesto of Realism, 1920). More recently, a great public controversy in France near the end of the 1990s called contemporary art into question-a controversy whose chief merit was to once again raise the same sort of questions. Nonetheless, before we go off in search of hypothetical proof of art’s ” influence ” we must first bluntly ask an equally radical question : What does art matter in our world ?
A question of this order has been raised numerous times with respect to modern art (Ortega, Berdyaev, Sedlmayr, Thode, Bloch, Ellul) and continues to be raised even more frequently in our day in reference to contemporary art by critics (Baudrillard, Virilio, Clair, Hartford, and even more recently by Michel Gauthier, in Fresh Théorie, II, 2006 and Elisabeth Wetterwald in 20/27, n.1, 2007) who have gone as far as to describe it in terms of ” vapidity, ” ” solitude, ” ” absence “, ” nothingness, ” ” nullity “.
Indeed, what do the “quasi-pathological” workings of the art market and the broader “art system” matter to the 2 million artists worldwide who inhabit the terrain of contemporary art in light of the various theoretical positions that prompt us to rethink the history of art (Belting, Danto)? What does the upheaval caused by so many new technologies, and by the artists who work with them, matter ? What do the vast sums of money invested in contemporary art by public institutions on the basis of the speculated present and future worth of works matter ? Should we, like Gabo, simply keep asking what contribution art-in this case, ” contemporary art “-makes to the current era of human history ? What does the ethics of social responsibility matter to the increasingly cynical “system” that has filled our public spaces with the dubious output of contemporary art, all with the help of taxpayer money ? In a time when cynicism and business as usual have spoiled and rendered obsolete our quaint idea of democracy, what potential does artistic practice still have restore life and meaning to the public arena ?
Furthermore, is it true that the products and practices making use of new technologies have the potential to open up new frontiers for the rejuvenation of art ? Is one to believe that esthetic and ethical tensions will be resolved solely by virtue of better communication, as the promoters of networked products and practices seem to suggest ?
Do today’s artists still have the capacity to symbolize, which has always been seen as one of the most basic functions of art ? Ultimately, does meaning still matter in our world? The time has come to think more deeply about such issues and to ask ourselves big questions in which the esthetic, the ethical, the pragmatic, and the philosophical are inextricably bound together.
Anne Cauquelin (Prof. Emerito di Filosofia all’Università di Picardia, Direttrice della Nouvelle Revue d’Esthétique), Jean-Michel Rabaté (Prof. di Inglese e di Letterature Comparate all’Università della Pennsylvania – USA), Louis-Jose Lestocart (Critico d’arte e di cinema su Art Press, NRF), Jean-Pierre Faye (Co-fondatore del Collège Internationale de Philosophie, Direttore dell’Université Européenne de la Recherche), François Soulages (Prof. di Estetica e Scienze dell’Arte all’Università di Paris 8), José Jimenez (Professore di Estetica e Teoria delle Arti all’Università Autonoma di Madrid, Direttore dell’Istituto Cervantes di Parigi, Direttore Generale delle Belle Arti al Ministero della Cultura spagnolo), Michael F. Leruth (Prof. al College of William and Mary, Williamsbourg, USA), Sophie Lavaud (Artista e teorica dell’arte interattiva), Mariapaola Fimiani (Prof. di Filosofia Morale e Pro-rettore dell’Università di Salerno), Dominique Chateau (Prof. di Estetica e di Filosofia dell’Arte all’Università di Parigi 1 – Sorbonne), Vincenzo Cuomo (Università di Salerno), Thierry de Duve (Prof. di Teoria dell’Arte moderna e contemporanea all’Università di Lille), Edgar Morin (CNRS, sociologo e filosofo), Maurizio Bolognini (Artista e teorico dell’arte generativa), Pierre Moeglin (Prof. di Scienze dell’Informazione e della Comunicazione all’Università di Paris-Nord), Daniel Charles *(Prof. Emerito di Estetica all’Università di Nizza), Edmond Couchot (Prof. Emerito all’Università di Paris VIII – Direttore della formazione in Arti e tecnologie dell’immagine), Paolo D’Angelo (Prof. di Estetica all’Università di Roma 3), Robert C. Morgan (Critico d’arte su NYArt, Art Press), Fabrizio Desideri (Prof. di Estetica all’Università di Firenze), Jorge Latorre Izquierdo (Professore di Cultura dell’immagine all’Università di Navarra), Carole Talon-Hugon (Prof. di Estetica e Teoria delle arti all’Università di Nizza – Direttrice della Societé Azuréenne de Philosophie), Isabelle Rieusset-Lemarié (Prof. di Scienze dell’Informazione e della Comunicazione all’Università di Paris X), Rudolf zur Lippe (Prof. di Filosofia all’Università di Francoforte), Serge Tisseron (Università di Paris VII – Psichiatra e psicoanalista), Maurizio Ferraris (Prof. di Filosofia Teoretica all’Università di Torino), Pierre-Damien Huyghe (Prof. di Estetica all’Università di Paris I – Sorbonne), Maryvonne Saison (Prof. di Estetica all’Università di Paris X Nanterre, Direttrice della Società Francese di Estetica).